History section

Early History

From before the 11th century the Sahara comprised a dominant and essential part of the Kingdom of Morocco, with close tribal and trading ties existing between this region and those living and trading throughout the northern and eastern swathes of the Merinide and Alomahade Kingdoms.  In fact, the Saharan region remained entirely under the spiritual and temporal jurisdiction of the Moroccan Sultans until European colonisation during the twentieth century, whereas other modern African countries, such as Algeria, Tunisia and Libya were incorporated into and formed part of the Ottoman Empire.
The processes of cohesion and integration of the various ancient regions of the Kingdom of Morocco were gradual, evolving over the centuries, culminating at the beginning of the 16th century, with the successful repulsion of the Ottoman Califate to the east, which ensured that all of the Kingdom of Morocco’s territory remained independent and unified. 

Further information

  - Letter to the United Nations Secretary General 

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